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成考高起点英语代词误用辨析

2017-11-11 15:59未知

.中文:伦敦的夏天比我家乡的夏天更热。

(误)London is much hotter in summer than my hometown.

(正)It is much hotter in London in summer than in my hometown.(用it代表气候,天气等。)

2.中文:他的书跟我的很不一样。

(误)His book is quite different from me.

(正)His book is quite different from mine.(mine = my book,应保持比较的双方性质的一致。)

3.中文:我有件重要的事告诉你。

(误)I have important something to tell you.

(正)I have something important to tell you.(修饰something,nothing,anything等不定代词时,形容词应放在其后。)

4.中文:每个学生都应该做他自己的功课。

(误)Every student should do their own homework.

(正)Every student should do his own homework.(every student是单数,其后的代词也用单数。)

5.中文:我喜欢收到别人的来信,但不愿意写信。

(误)I like to receive letters but do not like to write it.

(正)I like to receive letters but do not like to write them.(代词的人称与数应与它代替的名词相同。)

6.中文:孩子们和他都还没有吃晚餐。

(误)Neither the children nor he has ever eaten their supper.

(正)Neither the children nor he has ever eaten his supper.(neither……nor是对等相关连词,nor后面的主语决定后面的谓语动词及代词的形式。)

7.中文:布朗太太向她的朋友玛丽和我打招呼。

(误)Mrs. Brown said hello to her friends, Mary and I.

(正)Mrs. Brown said hello to her friends, Mary and me.(Mary and me是宾语friends的同位语,因此用宾格形式。)